The Strike of 1895

In 1895, the suspension of the unionized worker Marien Baudot, for repeated absences (in particular having attended a Congress of the glassworkers in Marseille), entails a general strike of the glassworkers during 4 months which had big consequences for the labor movement in France.

If the end of the19th century was marked by a climate of tensions in Carmaux, as the fire of the Castle of the Glass factory the 1st of April 1895 was illustrating. This period also announced a link between two big corporate associations which composed the proletariat from Carmaux: the miners as well as the glassworkers, dedicated to fight together against the political and economic strategies of the employers.
The strike of the glassworkers of Carmaux, was two-edge for the latter because it constituted an opportunity for Eugène Rességuier, the boss, to lead with his economic, political and ideological projects. This context was original because rare in this period were the cases where a labor strike was instrumented by the employers.
Jean Jaurès, reelected delegate in Carmaux on the 20th of August 1893, was the only one who perceived the fine strategy of the Toulousian entrepreneur aiming in particular at compromising the glassworkers by pushing them to the fault. In answer to it Jaurès incited the glassworkers to take back the work in order them to not fall into the trap and to force Eugène Rességuier to reveal his strategy. The workers followed his advice and also paid of their pockets the salaries of the suspended. But Rességuier refused their return and imposed the lockout, putting out of work 1200 workers.
It became a strike of the boss who tried to starve the strikers to reserve the right to choose the workers that he will employed for the reopening of the factory, excluding explicitly the union activists and the socialists. It was announced on the 7th of August,1895 by poster. Jean Jaurès asked for the arbitration of the government, the Chamber of deputies. It was a failure.
Two weeks later, Eugène Rességuier undertook the reopening of the Glass factory. To divide the socialist union activists, the boss proceeded to an individual recruitment, in Carmaux, coupled with a appeal of application in whole France. But the glassworkers staid united and on the 15th of October, only 8 blowers agreed to take back the work. In the term of a month of conflict 67 on 80 workers received the insurance of the Direction to be rehired having negotiated the individual contracts. The organization of the labor union (syndicate), but especially the incomparable solidarity of the glassworkers which held to boss’ failure. Only one oven could be relight at the end of September.

If some glassworkers were taken back in the staff of the Glass factory Sainte-Clotilde, the majority in 1895, find themselves unemployed, and were in the incapacity to provide for their family. In this context, the 26th of October 1896, at the instigation of Jean Jaurès, the Labor Glass factory of Albi (VOA) was created. It was an establishment dedicated to the whole French class workers.

What were the reasons which could explain why a boss wants a strike?
Rességuier’s interests were economic, ideologic and politic.

The Strike of 1895

In 1895, the suspension of the unionized worker Marien Baudot, for repeated absences (in particular having attended a Congress of the glassworkers in Marseille), entails a general strike of the glassworkers during 4 months which had big consequences for the labor movement in France.

If the end of the19th century was marked by a climate of tensions in Carmaux, as the fire of the Castle of the Glass factory the 1st of April 1895 was illustrating. This period also announced a link between two big corporate associations which composed the proletariat from Carmaux: the miners as well as the glassworkers, dedicated to fight together against the political and economic strategies of the employers.
The strike of the glassworkers of Carmaux, was two-edge for the latter because it constituted an opportunity for Eugène Rességuier, the boss, to lead with his economic, political and ideological projects. This context was original because rare in this period were the cases where a labor strike was instrumented by the employers.
Jean Jaurès, reelected delegate in Carmaux on the 20th of August 1893, was the only one who perceived the fine strategy of the Toulousian entrepreneur aiming in particular at compromising the glassworkers by pushing them to the fault. In answer to it Jaurès incited the glassworkers to take back the work in order them to not fall into the trap and to force Eugène Rességuier to reveal his strategy. The workers followed his advice and also paid of their pockets the salaries of the suspended. But Rességuier refused their return and imposed the lockout, putting out of work 1200 workers.
It became a strike of the boss who tried to starve the strikers to reserve the right to choose the workers that he will employed for the reopening of the factory, excluding explicitly the union activists and the socialists. It was announced on the 7th of August,1895 by poster. Jean Jaurès asked for the arbitration of the government, the Chamber of deputies. It was a failure.
Two weeks later, Eugène Rességuier undertook the reopening of the Glass factory. To divide the socialist union activists, the boss proceeded to an individual recruitment, in Carmaux, coupled with a appeal of application in whole France. But the glassworkers staid united and on the 15th of October, only 8 blowers agreed to take back the work. In the term of a month of conflict 67 on 80 workers received the insurance of the Direction to be rehired having negotiated the individual contracts. The organization of the labor union (syndicate), but especially the incomparable solidarity of the glassworkers which held to boss’ failure. Only one oven could be relight at the end of September.

If some glassworkers were taken back in the staff of the Glass factory Sainte-Clotilde, the majority in 1895, find themselves unemployed, and were in the incapacity to provide for their family. In this context, the 26th of October 1896, at the instigation of Jean Jaurès, the Labor Glass factory of Albi (VOA) was created. It was an establishment dedicated to the whole French class workers.

What were the reasons which could explain why a boss wants a strike?
Rességuier’s interests were economic, ideologic and politic.